If however, page numbers are essential to accurately locating the source, or your instructor requires their inclusion, they can be presented as the final item of the citation (e.g. If the journal issue has both a number and an identifier such as a month or quarter, choose one and use it consistently. Present the title of the document in roman type and in quotation marks. ) Unpublished work - (Crowley, unpub.) Crowley (unpub.) argues that...
If there is no volume number, the issue number or identifier should follow the journal title. The other details will vary according to the nature of the document. 99) Note: In the reference list provide the details of the source that contains the citation - the author who has done the citing: Smith, J 1995, ... Not yet in the process of being published - Tomasi (forthcoming) Currently in the process of being published - Nisbet (in press) (CSIRO 1982) A publication of the Institution of Engineers, Australia (1988) is ...
This guide draws from the 2002, 6th edn, Wiley Australia.
University policy mandates the use of the Harvard Style (AGPS) defined by this referencing guide.
If the role of an editor (or compiler, reviser or translator) is of primary importance, list the work under those names. Use abbreviations such as ed., eds, trans., rev., comp. Tolstoy, L 1930, Use the following order - single author entries followed by multiple author entries beginning with the same name (earliest dates first in each case).
Use abbreviations such as ed., eds, trans., rev., comp. Brofenbrenner, U (ed.) 2005, , Oxford University Press, Oxford. A long dash (2-em, approximately equivalent to 4-6 hyphens in length) can be used to replace that part of the author entry which is repeated. Chaffee, J 1991, For journals, include the volume number, issue number or other identifier, and page numbers separated by commas where all these elements are available.
Academic conventions and copyright law require that you acknowledge when you use the ideas of others.
In most cases, this means stating which book or journal article is the source of an idea or quotation.
Follow the same principles for authors as outlined in the Books section. Langdon, WB 1996, 'Data structures and genetic programming', Ph D thesis, University College, London. Details of the work of the author being cited (in this example, Brown), can be included if useful or of interest but is not necessary. edited by Kaufmann (1974) (eds Ahdar & Aroney 2010) ... Note: Abbreviations such as CSIRO may be used in textual references. Legislation is only included in a list of references if it is important to the understanding of the work (preferably in a separate list under the subheading 'Legislation').
If the list contains more than one item published by the same author in the same year, add lower case letters immediately after the year to distinguish them (e.g. These are ordered alphabetically by title disregarding any initial articles (). If required, the names of countries and states are best spelt out in full but standard shortened forms can be used. Brandt, RB 2002, 'Defective newborns and the morality of termination', in J Arthur (ed.), , International Society of Power Engineers, Houston, Texas, pp. Additional description can be provided after the conference title if useful.
Separate reference lists can be used at the end of each chapter or division for multi-author works, loose-leaf works, or works that might be read or produced piece by piece. Katsardi, V & Swan, C 2007, 'The importance of directionality in the evolution of large waves in intermediate and shallow water', , proceedings of the 30th international conference, San Diego, California, USA, 3-8 September 2006, World Scientific, River Edge, New Jersey, pp. Zhang, J & Xi, W 2012, 'Optimal nonlinear damping for inelastic structures using dimensional analysis', If the author's role remains of primary importance, editors, compilers, revisers or translators can also be acknowledged.
A printable PDF version has been adapted from this online guide.
On this page: At the end of your essay, place a list of the references you have cited in the text.