The city has transformed itself from being the once mighty powerhouse of industrial Britain to a centre for commerce, tourism, and culture.Glasgow was the host city for the Commonwealth Games in 2014.
The area around Glasgow has hosted communities for millennia, with the River Clyde providing a natural location for fishing.
The Romans later built outposts in the area and, to keep Roman Britannia separate from the Gaelic and Pictish Caledonia, constructed the Antonine Wall, remains of which can still be seen in Glasgow today.
Glasgow is the biggest city in Scotland, with a population of about 600,000 in the city itself, or over 2 million if the surrounding towns of the Clydeside conurbation are taken into account.
Located at the west end of Scotland's Central Belt on the banks of the River Clyde, Glasgow's historical importance as Scotland's main industrial centre has been challenged by decades of change and various regeneration efforts.
In 2008, Glasgow became the second Scottish city to join the UNESCO Creative Cities initiative when it was named as a UNESCO City of Music (joining Bologna and Seville).
In preparing its bid, Glasgow counted an average of 130 music events a week ranging from pop and rock to Celtic music and opera.Glasgow has become one of the most visited cities in the British Isles, and visitors will find a revitalised city centre, the best shopping outside London without a doubt, excellent parks and museums (most of which are free), and easy access to the Highlands and Islands. Various boundary changes over the years have blurred the distinction between the actual City of Glasgow administrative area, and Greater Glasgow; the contiguous metropolitan area which occupies much of the lower Clyde Valley with the city itself at its core, and surrounding burghs such as Rutherglen, Bearsden, Milngavie and Clydebank, all of which still fall under the Glasgow postcode area and 0141 telephone code.Residents of these areas are often still fiercely defensive of their home towns and may or may not identify themselves as “Glaswegian”, but since many of the city's attractions fall within these areas, for the tourist, they may be considered one and the same.The third largest city in the entire United Kingdom (by population), it remains one of the nation's key economic centres outside London.In recent years, Glasgow has been awarded the European titles of City of Culture (1990), City of Architecture and Design (1999) and Capital of Sport (2003).Its name is derived from the Gaelic Glas chu which translates literally as "green hollow"; over the centuries this has become romanticised to mean "dear green place" which is often cited as a nickname for the city.